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BURNS AND SCALDS

MINOR BURNS AND SCALDS

If a burn or scald damages only the superficial layer of the skin over a small area, it can be treated at home.

WHAT TO DO

  • Superficial burns are very painful. If possible submerge the area in cold water for at least ten minutes, or until the pain stops.
  • If the blisters form, do not break them. If a blister is likely to be rubbed bt clothing, cover it with a padded dressing.

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SEVERE BURNS

Severe burns may be caused by heat. Chemical or radiation

Signs

A severe burn destroys all the layers of the skin, leaving a white or charred area.

WHAT TO DO

  • If someone’s clothing is on fire, throw the person to the ground with the burning side uppermost. Smother the flames with whatever is to hand, directing them away from the head towards the feet.
    • Remove at once any clothing that has been soaked in a hot fat, boiling water or corrosive chemicals. Do not remove dry burnt clothing.
  • Immerse the burn in cold water. If the burned area is extensive cover with a clean folded sheet or towel soaked in cold water.
  • Lightly bandage the whole burned area with a clean, dry dressing. Do not use cotton wool or other fluffy material.
  • If a limb is affected, raise it to reduce swelling.
  • If the patient is unconscious, give small frequent sips of water to reduce fluid loss.

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