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FRACTURES AND DISLOCATIONS

Without an X-ray it is not always possible to tell if a bone is broken. If in doubt, treat the injury as a fracture.

 

Signs

  • The patient cannot move or put weight on the injured part.
  • The injured part is misshapen, swollen or very painful.

WHAT TO DO

Immobilising a broken bone

  • A Splint is used to immobilize a joint in order to reduce pain and minimize further damage.
  • In an emergency use a rolled up newspaper to make improvised splint.
  • Secure a splint on either side of the injury using wide bandages or pieces of material.
  • Do not tie too tightly or bandage directly over the site of broken bone.

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ARM INJURY

  • If the patient can comfortably hold the injured arm across the chest, apply a splint and hold it o this position with a sling.
  • If the arm cannot be bent, splint it in a straight position and secure it to the side of the body.

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SHOULDER, COLLAR BONE OR ELBOW INJURY

  • Support the weight of the arm in a sling in the most comfortable position.

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LEG INJURY

  •  Secure the injured leg to the undamaged one
  • If possible, place a well padded splint between them.

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