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One Trillion Storys For Kids

Urinary System

COMPLAINT

DESCRIPTION

ACTION

URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS – URINE INFECTIONS

Pregnant women are prone to urine infections and even more so if they have diabetes.  Progesterone relaxes the muscles of he bladder and of the ureters that connect the bladder and kidneys.  This causes urine to collect and stagnate in the bladder, and it sometimes passes back into the kidney, therefore increasing the risk of infection.

Keep flushing out your system by drinking lots of water, should this persist, it is recommended that you consult your caregiver for medication.

URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS – CYSTITIS

A urinary tract infection causes inflammation of the bladder (cystitis), which, depending on its severity, can cause the following symptoms: a burning sensation when urinating, a frequent urge to urinate that only produces a small amount and general pain in the pelvic area.  Sometimes the urine is cloudy, with traces of blood and an unpleasant smell.  The condition can be recurrent.

In order to flush out your kidneys, ureters and bladder you will need to drink plenty of water, or barley water and cranberry juice.  Try to urinate immediately after intercourse and always wipe from front to back after using the toilet.  Consult your caregiver because antibiotic treatment is essential to avoid the infection progressing to the kidneys.

URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS – KIDNEY INFECTIONS

Symptoms of a Kidney infection are similar to those of cystitis but may be accompanied by fever, backache, chills, nausea and vomiting.  Left untreated the high fever could lead to premature labour.

Should you develop these symptoms, contact your caregiver immediately.  Your caregiver may admit you to hospital depending on the severity of the infection.

URINATION PROBLEMS – INCREASED URINATION

This is one of the most common features of early and late pregnancy.  Pregnancy hormones, in early pregnancy, cause changes in your circulation and muscle tone leading to a feeling of congestion in your pelvic area.  There is also more pressure on your bladder due to your growing uterus until the 12th week, when it rises above the pelvic cavity.  In later pregnancy, due to the engagement of your baby’s head, your bladder is once again put under pressure.

Try avoiding standing for long periods particularly in late pregnancy.

URINATION PROBLEMS – STRESS INCONTINENCE

You may start to leak urine when you cough, sneeze or laugh during your last 12 weeks of pregnancy.  This is caused by the pressure of your uterus and baby on your bladder, and possibly by the effects of hormones on the pelvic floor.

Practice pelvic floor exercises.

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