What is it?
Laryngitis is an inflammation of the vocal chords.
Symptoms: Hoarseness or loss of voice, sore throat, dry, irritating cough and mild fever.
Causes: Viral or bacterial infection, smoking, heavy drinking, chronic bronchitis or sinusitis, repeated overuse of the voice, for example shouting or singing, exposure to dust or irritants.
Treatment in the home: Do not smoke or drink alcohol, rest your voice as mush as possible, drink plenty of fluids, take aspirin or paracetamol to relieve cold-like symptoms.
When to consult a doctor: Recurrent or persistent loss of voice.
What the doctor may do: Examine the throat for signs of infection, Prescribe a cough suppressant in the case of a troublesome dry cough, Prescribe antibiotics if there is an associated bacterial infection.
What is it?
A serious infectious disease marked by acute attacks of shivering and high fever. It always requires medical treatment.
- The time between the mosquito bite and the onset of symptoms vary between about 7 to 40 days, depending on the malaria parasite.
- Usually starts with mild fever, headache, vomiting and muscular pain.
- Sudden chills and intense shivering. Then follows a feverish stage with headache and hot flushes. Finally profuse sweating occurs and temperature drops.
- Similar attacks occur every two or three days.
- Children with malaria are inclined to have prolonged high fever and fever fits may occur.
Causes: Malaria parasites which are transferred from one person to another by the Anopheles mosquito. Malaria is transmitted when sporozoites are inoculated into human bloodstream by female Anopheles mosquito during a blood meal.
Possible complications: Depends on the type and severity of the infection. Cerebral malaria, which can be fatal. Blackwater fever.
Treatment in the home: None
When to consult a doctor: If you have visited malaria area and the described symptoms develop.
What the doctor may do: Arrange for blood tests to confirm the diagnosis. If the malaria is confirmed, commence treatment immediately.