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What is it?
A serious infectious disease marked by acute attacks of shivering and high fever. It always requires medical treatment.

  • The time between the mosquito bite and the onset of symptoms vary between about 7 to 40 days, depending on the malaria parasite.
  • Usually starts with mild fever, headache, vomiting and muscular pain.
  • Sudden chills and intense shivering. Then follows a   feverish stage with headache and hot flushes. Finally profuse sweating occurs and temperature drops.
  • Similar attacks occur every two or three days.
  • Children with malaria are inclined to have prolonged high fever and fever fits may occur.

Causes: Malaria parasites which are transferred from one person to another by the Anopheles mosquito. Malaria is transmitted when sporozoites are inoculated into human bloodstream by female Anopheles mosquito during a blood meal.
Possible complications: Depends on the type and severity of the infection. Cerebral malaria, which can be fatal. Blackwater fever.
Treatment in the home: None
When to consult a doctor: If you have visited malaria area and the described symptoms develop.
What the doctor may do: Arrange for blood tests to confirm the diagnosis. If the malaria is confirmed, commence treatment immediately.