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Childbirth education can save lives

Childbirth education can save lives Of the million plus women who become pregnant in South Africa each year, those who receive antenatal care and quality childbirth education are the most likley to experience a healthy pregnancy and birth. Whilst the number of pregnant women accessing medical care has risen dramatically in recent years, less than half seek antenatal care before 20 weeks of pregnancy and a large percentage only first see a doctor or midwife when they go into labour. An even smaller number – about 5% - attend private antenatal classes.“Knowledge IS the key to a safe, successful pregnancy,

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THE FIRST AID KIT

THE FIRST AID KIT DRESSING BANDAGES OTHER MISCELLANEOUS REQUIREMENTS USEFUL MEDICINES Keep the first aid kit in a clearly labeled container, locked and well out of reach of children. Make sure that all adult members of the family know where it is kept.Always replace anything that has been used. Any sterile packet which has been torn or damaged is no longer sterile and should be disposed of. DRESSING  Packet of assorted adhesive plasters-to cover small cuts and grazes Gauze dressing-to cover open wounds Adhesive dressing tape –to

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ABSENCE OF BREATHING

ABSENCE OF BREATHING If someone’s breathing has stopped, emergency action in the form of artificial respiration is needed within three minutes. After four minutes irreversible brain damage can occur. Causes  Heart attack drowning electric shock strangling poisoning and choking OPENING AND CLEARING THE AIRWAY If the patient is unconscious, the airway may be narrowed or blocked, making breathing impossible. WHAT TO DO Lay the patient’s face upwards. Support the back of the neck. Tilting the

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UNCONSCIOUSNESS SIGNS

UNCONSCIOUSNESS SIGNS   Drowsiness and confusion. Does not respond Coma Cuases Head injury or stroke Loss of blood Near drowning Drug overdose WHAT TO DO  If breathing sounds noisy or gurgling, clear the airway If the patient is not breathing, start mouth-to-mouth respiration Place patients in the recovery position. If possible cover the patient with a blanket or jacket. Do not leave the patient unattended. THE RECOVERY POSITION The recovery position is a safe position that allows the patient to breathe freely

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Bleeding

BLEEDING

BLEEDING  SEVERE BLEEDING Treat bleeding as severe if:  Blood spurts forcefully from the wound. If you estimate that more than 250ml of blood has been lost. If bleeding continues for more than 5 minutes. WHAT TO DO  Place the patient in a comfortable position. If possible raise the injured part.

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ANIMAL BITES

ANIMAL BITES Animal bites tend to be irregular and dirty and are prone to infection. WHAT TO DO    Wash the wound with soap and water for at least ten minutes. Clean the wound with hydrogen peroxide solution, 20 volumes. Keep the solution away from eyes Apply a sterile dressing. See a doctor in case an anti tetanus injection is needed. {backbutton}

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SPLINTERS

SPLINTERS WHAT TO DO Sterilise a pair of tweezers by boiling them in water for 10 minutes Wash the skin around the injury carefully with warm, soapy water. Make sure that you wipe outwards from the wound. Dry the skin carefully. Using tweezers pull the splinter out. {backbutton}

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burns

BURNS AND SCALDS

BURNS AND SCALDS MINOR BURNS AND SCALDS If a burn or scald damages only the superficial layer of the skin over a small area, it can be treated at home. WHAT TO DO Superficial burns are very painful. If possible submerge the area in cold water for at least ten minutes, or until the pain stops. If the blisters form, do not break them. If a blister is likely to be rubbed bt clothing, cover it with a padded dressing. SEVERE BURNS Severe burns

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SUNBURN

SUNBURN Causes Over exposure to the rays of the sun. People who have fair skins are much likely to get sun burnt. Photosynthesis due to certain medication and drugs. WHAT TO DO  Avoid further exposure to the sun. Apply sunscreens and sun blocks. Avoid being outdoors between 12h00 and 14h00. WHEN TO CALL A DOCTOR If the sunburn is very severe and distressing  If there is a headache, nausea and fever. {module go to

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choking

CHOCKING

CHOCKING Obstruction of an airway by an object e.g. a toy or a piece of food is an emergency. WHAT TO DO If a conscious person cannot speak, cough or breathe:   Stand behind him and give several thumps with the hill of your hand between the shoulder blades. If this does not help, wrap your arms around the person’s waist just below the ribs. Make a fist with one hand and grasp it with the other hand. Press into the abdomen below the breastbone with a quick and forceful thrust

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