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Childbirth education can save lives

Childbirth education can save lives Of the million plus women who become pregnant in South Africa each year, those who receive antenatal care and quality childbirth education are the most likley to experience a healthy pregnancy and birth. Whilst the number of pregnant women accessing medical care has risen dramatically in recent years, less than half seek antenatal care before 20 weeks of pregnancy and a large percentage only first see a doctor or midwife when they go into labour. An even smaller number – about 5% - attend private antenatal classes.“Knowledge IS the key to a safe, successful pregnancy,

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ANIMAL BITES

ANIMAL BITES Animal bites tend to be irregular and dirty and are prone to infection. WHAT TO DO    Wash the wound with soap and water for at least ten minutes. Clean the wound with hydrogen peroxide solution, 20 volumes. Keep the solution away from eyes Apply a sterile dressing. See a doctor in case an anti tetanus injection is needed. {backbutton}

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SPLINTERS

SPLINTERS WHAT TO DO Sterilise a pair of tweezers by boiling them in water for 10 minutes Wash the skin around the injury carefully with warm, soapy water. Make sure that you wipe outwards from the wound. Dry the skin carefully. Using tweezers pull the splinter out. {backbutton}

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burns

BURNS AND SCALDS

BURNS AND SCALDS MINOR BURNS AND SCALDS If a burn or scald damages only the superficial layer of the skin over a small area, it can be treated at home. WHAT TO DO Superficial burns are very painful. If possible submerge the area in cold water for at least ten minutes, or until the pain stops. If the blisters form, do not break them. If a blister is likely to be rubbed bt clothing, cover it with a padded dressing. SEVERE BURNS Severe burns

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SUNBURN

SUNBURN Causes Over exposure to the rays of the sun. People who have fair skins are much likely to get sun burnt. Photosynthesis due to certain medication and drugs. WHAT TO DO  Avoid further exposure to the sun. Apply sunscreens and sun blocks. Avoid being outdoors between 12h00 and 14h00. WHEN TO CALL A DOCTOR If the sunburn is very severe and distressing  If there is a headache, nausea and fever. {module go to

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choking

CHOCKING

CHOCKING Obstruction of an airway by an object e.g. a toy or a piece of food is an emergency. WHAT TO DO If a conscious person cannot speak, cough or breathe:   Stand behind him and give several thumps with the hill of your hand between the shoulder blades. If this does not help, wrap your arms around the person’s waist just below the ribs. Make a fist with one hand and grasp it with the other hand. Press into the abdomen below the breastbone with a quick and forceful thrust

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CONCUSSION

CONCUSSION Concussion results from a disturbance of the functioning of the brain following a knock on the head or jaw. Signs  Unconsciousness, sometimes only momentarily Pallor Cold clammy skin Shallow breathing Weak, but rapid pulse Nausea and vomiting Short-term memory loss There may be a delayed reaction, and symptoms may only appear later-usually within 24 hours. WHAT TO DO Urgent medical attention is needed. To avoid headaches which follow concussion, bed rest often for several days, is necessary.

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convulsions

CONVULSIONS

CONVULSIONS Sings Falling Drooling or frothing Stiffening, jerking or twitching Noisy respirations Loss of bowel or bladder control WHAT TO DO  Turn the patient on his side so that the tongue comes forward and the airway is clear. Do not attempt to restrain limb movements. Ensure that the patient do not hurt himself by protecting hi from environmental injury. When the convulsions cease, place the patient in a recovery position Stay with the patient until you are sure the recovery is complete.

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eye_injury

EYE INJURY

EYE INJURY FOREIGN BODY IN THE EYE WHAT TO DO  If the object is on the eye or is sharp, do not try to remove it. Cover it and see a doctor. If the object is loose under the lid, pull down the lid and, if you can see the object, try to remove it with the moistened corner of a soft handkerchief. If the object is under the upper lid, look down and then pull the upper lid down over the lower lid to remove the object. If the pain

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fainting

FAINTING

FAINTING Fainting is a brief loss of consciousness and is caused by a temporary reduction in the flow of blood to the brain .Recovery is usually rapid and complete. WHAT TO DO If someone fells unsteady, sit hi down with his head between his knees. Loosen any tight clothing. Make sure that there is plenty of fresh air. Should the person actually faint, lay him down and raise his legs. Recovery should be quick, but normal activity should only be resumed after a few minutes rest.

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